Compared to traditional copper cables, Fiber cables offer several advantages:
Fiber has much greater data bandwidth capacity over copper cable.
Fiber has very low attenuation, allowing for longer cable runs without repeaters
Less attenuation allows the use of low-power transmitters.
Signal is resistant to electromagnetic interference, so cables can be grouped closely together without requiring shielding.
Decreased size and weight:
Fiber weighs less, and takes up less space than similar capacity copper cable.
Meets the security requirements of many government, military and medical applications for sensitive data transmission.The process of transmitting data as light pulses over fiber is more complex than traditional copper wired connections. There are multiple fiber technologies available in the market which can be implemented depending on the system requirements, but all share some common components:
Encodes and sends data by converting the electrical signals to optical through a light source such as a Light Emitting Diode (LED) or Laser Diode.
Receives and decodes data by converting optical signals back into electrical through a semiconductor photo-detector.
Contains both transmitter and receiver hardware in a single housing and arranged in parallel for independent operation and transmissions in both directions.
There are multiple fiber cable connector options available on the market for connecting transmitters and receivers, the most commonly used in current video production systems are ST, SC, and LC. Each of these connectors are available as simplex (single) and duplex (dual) connections